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Reduce, reuse, recycle

Full Day
Book Program
Year Levels


Everyday human activities produce waste in a number of forms. Waste in the form of litter pollutes the land and waterways, while waste disposed as rubbish ends up in landfill which can contaminate groundwater, not to mention the need to find new holes as existing ones quickly fill. The “Three Rs”, namely Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, represent ways of minimising the amount of waste that ends up in landfill.

Key Learning Question

What techniques can we use to minimise waste entering the environment?

Learning Intentions

In this activity, students will:

  • Understand the importance of preventing waste from entering the environment
  • Learn various strategies for minimising waste that goes to landfill
  • Understand how invertebrates that inhabit a compost bin, turn waste food scraps into compost which can be used in the garden.


Students will:

  • Undertake a rubbish sorting activity, to show how recycling and reusing minimises the waste that is sent to landfill
  • Participate in the Werribee River Story, which is an interactive demonstration of the impacts of litter on the environment
  • Search for and identify the invertebrates in a sample of compost
  • Learn what scraps can be put into a worm farm.

Victorian Curriculum

  • Objects are made of materials that have observable properties (VCSSU044)
  • Everyday materials can be physically changed or combined with other materials in a variety of ways for particular purposes (VCSSU045)
  • Earth’s resources are used in a variety of ways (VCSSU047)
  • Natural, managed and constructed features of places, their location and how they change (VCGGK068)
  • Reasons why some places are special and some places are important to people and how they can be looked after (VCGGK069).

Learning Continuum

The following Learning Continuum is a guide for teachers to show the links between the programs Ecolinc offers onsite, online and through outreach. The Learning Continuum can be used to access Ecolinc resources to support the development of units of work.

Ecolinc Learn Online is an online learning management system offering interactive online courses for students and teachers. These courses can be undertaken either as a pre-visit, post-visit or stand-alone. Students are encouraged to do the pre-learning course before coming to Ecolinc for an onsite program.

Outreach programs are conducted by an Ecolinc education officer at your school. They are available to moderately disadvantaged primary schools in the Geelong, Ballarat and western suburbs areas (or within 100km radius from Bacchus Marsh)